- /kəˈtumbə/ (say kuh'toohmbuh)
the administrative and commercial centre of the Blue Mountains, NSW; tourism.
The Katoomba district lies in territory traditionally inhabited by the Dharug people. A tree here was marked by one of the expedition which first crossed the Blue Mountains in 1813. Coal was discovered in the area in 1841, and kerosene shale in Kanimbla valley around 1870. Katoomba township grew around the railway station, which opened in 1876. The coalmine operated from 1879 to 1920; there was also mining of kerosene shale from 1885. The area's crisp air and spectacular scenery made it a popular resort in the early 1900s, with a rapid proliferation of hotels and guesthouses between 1910 and 1930. Tourism, especially by day-trippers from Sydney, remains important. Katoomba is the largest settlement in the mountains and is the administrative centre for the City of the Blue Mountains.
Australian English dictionary. 2014.
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